Iqinean is a language isolate spoken in Iqine.
|Stop||p b||t d||c||k g||q|
|Fricative||f v||s z||š ž||x||h|
|High||i í ï||u ú|
|Mid||e é||o ó|
Accented vowels are long, however ï /ɪ/ is always short, and only found in word-initial. Iqinean seems to have an aversion to back vowel rounding, as 'o' and 'u' are actually unrounded /ɤ/ /ɯ/. However, some speakers round these vowels word-finally. There is no stress in Iqinean.
The Iqinean word order is OVS. So for instance, 'He is eating bread' is represented as 'kúfencrá si' or 'bread-eating-is he', where 'bread-eating-is' is in itself a verb.
This can be put into a variety of tenses, in this way:
- Past tense - 'He ate bread' is 'kúfenci si'
- Probable future - 'He will eat bread' is 'kúfencetul si'
- Hypothetical future - 'He might eat bread' is 'kúfencena si'
To make a verb causative, add '-ta' as a suffix. So 'imu' (die) becomes 'imuta' (kill).
Reflexive verbs are formed by the use of '(pronoun)-sé' as the pronoun.
Nouns have two numbers: singular and plural. Plurals are formed by some rules:
- If a noun ends with a short vowel, that vowel will be lengthened: 'ispa' (pebble) becomes 'ispá' (pebbles)
- If a noun ends with a long vowel, no change.
- If a noun ends with a consonant, or a cluster of such, add 'é': 'mauk' (house) becomes 'mauké' (houses)
- ↑ 'r' is a tap in Iqinean